The Norwegian Automobile Federation conducted a winter test of 20 EVs and concluded they have a range loss of close to 20 percent in winter conditions and charge slower

Norwegian Automobile Federation »

The Norwegian Automobile Federation (NAF) has tested the range and charge time of popular electric vehicles in winter conditions. 20 vehicles were driven until they stopped completely and shut down, to measure their real world range.

  • EVs don’t suddenly shut down when they run out of power. Drivers are given several warnings and can maintain regular speed until the very last miles.
  • EVs on average lose 20 percent of their range in colder climate.
  • EVs charge more slowly in cold temperatures.


NAF collected 20 of the best-selling electric car models you can buy from Norwegian dealerships as of January 2020.

The test focused on range, consumption and charging time. To test all the cars equally, the test drive was performed without preheating of neither cabin nor battery. All cars drove the same route on the same day, with similar style of driving, and climate control settings.

The test route consisted of city driving, highways and country roads in speeds from 60 kmh (37 mph) to 110 kmh (68 mph). All the cars had one climb through a mountain pass. The longest running cars climbed two mountain passes.

Cars tested »

See the full results of the test at the NAF site, including test results for each individual car.

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Gustavo Henrique Ruffo at InsideEVs provides his views »

The tests started in Oslo and ended in Hafjell, which is normally a 200 km (124 mi) journey, but the evaluation extended that route to 482 km (300 mi) to cope with the cars with more range. They went through city and highway driving and at least a mountain pass. Speeds ranged from 60 km/h (37 mph) to 110 km/h (68 mph). The idea was to run the EVs until the battery was completely discharged.

NAF also performed a charging test from around 10 percent to a minimum of 80 percent of charge. It was conducted at -2ºC (28.4ºF), and all cars were driving for at least two hours to ensure their batteries were warm.

The first thing the association discovered was that the tested EVs present around 18.5 percent less range than their manufacturers state on WLTP. The worst one was in this was the Opel Ampera-e, a car that you are more used to calling Chevy Bolt. With a WLTP range of 423 km, it managed to run only 296.9 km, or 29.81 percent less.  […]

[Updated] The Detroit Bureau take the Kia Niro EV EX Premium for a winter test drive, and concludes electric vehicles really can be used as everyday drivers

Kia Niro EV

Kia Niro EV

Joseph Szczesny, The Detroit Bureau »

It was at or just above freezing during much of my test of the Niro and it did well. It started in the morning, heated up quickly during a drive, and the need for heat didn’t seem to diminish the battery. According to the gauges tracking the life of the Niro’s battery, the range seemed to improve on the day the temperature pushed past the 40-degree mark.

Overall, however, the Niro performed well under standard driving conditions and it was fun to drive because of its quick acceleration, more than ample torque and low center of gravity, which gave it nice balance coming through curves with a firm, well-planted feeling that is reminiscent of sport sedans with well-tuned suspension.

» Torque News took a Niro EV out for a winter drive in New England back in February

Kia EV plans sidetracked by battery shortages

Kia Soul EV

Kia Soul EV

Kia is not the only one facing a battery shortage. The South Korean EV automaker is targeting  to offer 11 all battery-electric models by 2025.

Paul A. Eisenstein, The Detroit Bureau »

Global EV production is “being constrained more by lack of (battery) manufacturing capacity than anything else,” Paul Anderson, co-director of the Birmingham Centre for Strategic Elements and Critical Materials, told Britain’s The Times earlier this month.

There’s a big push to address the problem. All told, there currently are plans in place to have more than 91 large-scale battery plants in operation within the next several years, about twice as many as currently are online, with even more expected to follow.

But manufacturers will have to cope with shortages for at least the near to midterm, in many cases.